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What is Vision Therapy?

Self-Help Eye Exercises

Self-help kits and programs are NOT to be confused with Vision Therapy. Vision Therapy involves therapeutic procedures supervised by an optometrist or vision therapist. Vision Therapy also includes the use of medically regulated devices, such as optical lenses and prisms. See below.

Vision Therapy is also referred to as:

  • Visual Training
  • Vision Training
  • Visual Therapy
  • Optometric Vision Therapy
  • Orthoptics (not entirely accurate)
  • Neuro-Optometric Rehabilitation
  • Behavioral Optometry
  • Developmental Optometry

Vision Therapy FAQs and Definitions:

Vision Therapy is NOT or is MORE THAN...

  1. The Bates Method - Self-Directed Vision Improvement Invented in the 1920s
    The Bates Method is NOT to be confused with Vision Therapy. The Bates Method was invented by W.H. Bates, an ophthalmologist who wrote Perfect Sight Without Glasses in 1920! Optometric Vision Therapy, on the other hand, has continued to evolve into the 21st century with new research, treatment technologies, and cross-disciplinary work with medical professionals, such as neurologists, occupational therapists, audiologists, etc.

    The National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health has published new research on the Successful Treatment of Lazy Eye (Amblyopia) in Older Children and Treatment of Convergence Insufficiency. Research on neuroplasticity by neuroscientists also shows that the brain is capable of much greater change in adulthood than was previously thought possible.

  2. Self-Help Eye Exercises with Pencil Push-ups, Kits, or Computer Programs
    Self-help eye exercise programs such as the now defunct See Clearly Method or the Vision for Life program are NOT to be confused with Vision Therapy. Vision Therapy involves therapeutic procedures supervised by an optometrist or vision therapist as well as the use of medically regulated devices, such as lenses and prisms. Self-directed eye exercise programs are not an adequate substitute for professional evaluation and treatment of binocular vision conditions, such as Amblyopia (Lazy Eye), Strabismus (Congenital Esotropia, Intermittent Exotropia, Hypertropia, etc.), Anisometropia or Convergence Insufficiency Disorder.

  3. Vision Therapy is Not Orthoptics Alone
    Vision therapy programs include orthoptics, but, technically there are broad distinctions between Vision Therapy and orthoptics. Learn more at
    What are Orthoptics?

To locate an eye doctor who provides comprehensive evaluation and Vision Therapy, request a referral through our Referral Directory: Find a Pediatric Eye Doctor.

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